經濟Cliff Yeung & His Team
S.3-S.6 Economics GDP & GNI

1.Efficiency

Conditions for efficiency:

達至效率的條件:

Maximization of total social surplus; marginal benefit equals marginal cost

總社會盈餘極大化;邊際利益等於邊際成本

Deviations from efficiency:

偏離效率:

Price ceiling, price floor, tax, subsidy quota and deadweight loss

價格上限、價格下限、稅項、津貼及配額與淨損失

Divergence between private and social costs (benefits):

私人代價(利益)和社會代價(利益)的分歧:

Market versus government solutions

市場與政府的解決辦法

2.Equity

Measuring income inequality: income distribution, Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient

量度收入不均:

收入分配、洛倫茨曲線及堅尼系數

Sources of income inequality

收入不均的緣由

Policy concerns: Equalizing income or equalizing opportunities, disincentive effects of taxes and transfers, trade-off between equity and efficiency

政策的考慮:

收入均等化或機會均等化,稅項及轉移的抑制作用、公平與效率之間的取捨

3.Measure of Economic Performance 經濟表現的量度

    I. Nation Income國民收入

Circular flow of economic activities

經濟活動的循環流程

Meaning of gross domestic product (GDP)

本地生產總值的意思

Three approaches to measure GDP: the production approach, expenditure approach and income approach

從三個層面計算本地生產總值:生產面、收入面、支出面

GDP vs. GNI

本地生產總值vs. 本地居民收入

   II. Inflation/ deflation, Unemployment and the Business Cycle 失業、通脹/通縮及經濟週期

Measure of the general price level

一般物價水平的量度

Meaning of inflation/ deflation

通脹/通縮的意思

Measurement of inflation/ deflation

通脹/通縮的量度

Redistributive effects of inflation/ deflation

通脹/通縮的再度分配影響

GDP at current and constant market prices

以當時市價及以固定市價計劃的本地生產總值

Per capita GDP and GDP growth rate

人均本地生產總值及本地生產總值增長率

Limitation of GDP as a measure of welfare

以本地生產總值量度福利的限制

Meaning of unemployment

失業的意思

Measure of unemployment

失業的量度

Cost of unemployment

失業的代價

Underemployment

就業不足

Four phases of the business cycle

經濟週期的四個階段

4. AD-AS model 總需求-總供應模型

Meaning of aggregate demand

總需求的意思

Why the AD curve is downward sloping

為甚麼AD曲線向右下傾斜

Factors affecting the AD curve

影響AD曲線的因素

Meaning of aggregate supply

總供應的意思

Why the short-run AS curve is vertical

為甚麼短期AS曲線向右上傾斜

Factors affecting the short-run AS curve

影響短期AS曲線的因素

Why the long-run AS curve is vertical

為甚麼期長期AS曲線是垂直的

Factors affecting the long-run AS curve

影響長期AS曲線的因素

Determination of equilibrium price level and output in the short run

決定長期均衡價格水平及產出

Short run fluctuations in price level and output: changes in AD and/ or AS

價格水平及產出的短期波動:AD及/或AS曲線的轉娛

Determination of equilibrium price level and output in the long run

決定長期均衡價格水平及產出

Changes in the price level and full-employment output in the long run

在長期,價格水平與充分就業產出的轉變

The use of fiscal policy to achieve different objectives, e.g. full employment, stabilization of output or price level etc.

使用財政政策達到不同目標,如充分就業、穩定產出或物價水平等

5. Fiscal Policy – Public Finance 財政政策

Meaning of fiscal policy

財政政策的意思

Principles of taxation

課稅的原則

Direct tax vs. indirect tax

直接稅vs.間接稅

Progressive, proportional and regressive tax

累進稅、比例稅及累退稅

Other revenues of the government

政府的其他收入來源

Government expenditures

政府支出

Changes in tax system and government expenditure and their effects

稅制及政府開支的改變及其影響

 

S.3-S.6 Economics GDP & GNI

[課程相等於2020-2021 S.5 常規課程 L13-16/同名B Class 課程]         

(課程系列參考碼:226IECPCY)

網上

 

226IECP42-O

BC

26/9

4

$790

符號 BC = Online網上課程:代表課程由Mr. Cliff Yeung預先錄製的教材及以視像形式在遵理學校網站透過互聯網提供,這個課程是全線上課程,影片設有觀看期限及次數。
有關以上上課形式之詳情,可瀏覽本校網頁「關於我們」之「教育產品說明」。  

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